An open, fair, and competitive market is critical to scaling clean energy.


The world’s climate future hinges on whether global clean energy markets can rapidly scale, especially in emerging and frontier economies. Competitive markets can accelerate deployment, drive prices down, and reduce risks.

But electricity contracts in emerging markets are often negotiated behind closed doors and the details kept from the public – despite many of these contracts involving public money and liabilities. Secrecy significantly slows clean energy deployment and puts our climate goals in jeopardy. Nontransparent contracts can also lead to overpayment, financial losses, systemic imbalances in delivery and demand, and higher investment and governance risks.


Greater disclosure – as for sovereign debt or oil contracts –  could incentivize competitive pricing, lower risks for governments and investors, and enhance the public’s ability to hold leaders accountable for a core public service. Transparency will also help to turbocharge clean energy markets across emerging economies.

Our Approach

The Energy for Growth Hub is proposing minimum global disclosure standards for PPAs to raise the governance bar. We are also gathering data for PPA Watch, an initiative to share information on PPAs and advocate for greater transparency.

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