Managing Partner, EED Advisory
Areas of ExpertisePolitical Economy of the Energy Sector, East Africa
Murefu Barasa is a Hub Fellow and the founder and managing partner of EED Advisory Limited, a Panafrican consulting firm offering technical, analytical and advisory services in energy, water and climate change. He is an experienced development practitioner with a focus on energy access having led engagements for several clients spanning public, private and non-profit sectors. Murefu holds a BSc in Environmental Studies from Kenyatta University (Kenya) and a Masters in Environmental Science from Yale University (USA). He is a Compton fellow and an Education for Sustainable Energy Development (ESED) scholar.
Non-Hub Publication Highlights
How Might Africa Transition to Renewable Energy? Breakthrough Institute. September 1, 2021.
Who Decides Africa’s Net Zero Pathways? Five ways to fix how we model African energy transitions and why it matters for climate and development
By Rose Mutiso, Ken Caldeira, Murefu Barasa, Moussa Blimpo, Lauren Culver, Habiba Ahut Daggash, Michael Dioha, Zeke Hausfather, June Lukuyu, Joel Nana, Joan Nkiriki, Lily Odarno, Katie Auth
Summary To achieve an equitable global net zero future, lower-income and under-electrified countries must play a much bigger role in deciding how we get there.
AfCFTA and the opportunity for an African interconnected electricity market
By Murefu Barasa
Three waves of electrification in Africa African countries stand no chance of lifting their people out of poverty and achieving a decent standard of living for all without affordable, reliable, and sustainable electricity.
Energy-poor countries face a special challenge: vertical energy transitions
By Murefu Barasa, Mark Thurber
Sub-Saharan Africa is home to all seven countries with electrification rates lower than 20%: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Niger, and South Sudan.1 Many others have basic electrification but fall far short of the Modern Energy Minimum needed to power job-creating enterprises.2 Concerns about climate change and rapidly declining costs of renewable energy sources like solar and wind have led to calls for low-income countries to “leapfrog” fossil fuels in their energy development pathways.3 What is a vertical energy transition? The shift to renewable energy in countries facing rapidly growing electricity demand but starting from a low base threshold of energy infrastructure represents a “vertical transition” (Figure 1).
Enhancing Public Participation in Kenya’s Power Purchase Agreement Process
By Murefu Barasa
While Kenya’s power sector has made huge strides in recent years, it continues to face major challenges including high electricity tariffs, a loss-making utility, and low-quality service.
Reframing Climate Justice for Development: Six principles for supporting inclusive and equitable energy transitions in low-emitting energy-poor African countries
By Mimi Alemayehou, Katie Auth, Murefu Barasa, Morgan Bazilian, Brad Handler, Uzodinma Iweala, Todd Moss, Rose Mutiso, Zainab Usman
Advancing inclusive and equitable energy transitions is one of this century’s most vital global challenges, and one in which development finance will play a crucial role.
Counting the cost: is electricity affordable for Africa’s non-residential consumers?
By Murefu Barasa
Electricity for industrialization and economic growth Industrialization is a central tenet of nearly every African country’s economic development program (see, for example: Rwanda Vision 2050, Plan for an Emerging Senegal, Kenya Vision 2030, and the Ethiopia Homegrown Economic Reform Plan).
Coffee Break Briefing with Murefu Barasa: Measuring Reliability
By Murefu Barasa, Todd Moss
Quality electricity is critical to ending energy poverty, but reliability data is scarce, while officially-reported outages often differ greatly from actual consumer experience.
Op-Eds & Articles
Wind and solar in Africa need grids to match
By Mark Thurber, Murefu Barasa, Rose Mutiso, Beryl Ajwang
From Electricity Journal (June 2021) Falling costs of wind and solar have encouraged development agencies and multilateral lenders to restrict financing for new fossil fuel developments.
The problem with Kenya Power’s revenue model in three graphs
By Murefu Barasa
Kenya Power is one of the largest electric utilities in Africa, connecting more than 7.5 million customers.1 Like many utilities the world over, Kenya Power struggles with fully recovering operating costs.
Our latest thoughts on Kenya’s power sector challenges
By Murefu Barasa, Rose Mutiso, Todd Moss
Kenya is the epicenter of Africa’s energy transition. The country is now the world’s 8th largest geothermal power producer, has the continent’s largest wind farm, a vibrant offgrid energy market, and an aggressive last mile campaign to connect every citizen.